The education system in Canada includes government-funded schools and private schools, from kindergarten to pre-university. Education is a provincial responsibility under the laws of Canada, so there is a difference in the education system in various provinces. In general, the length of primary and secondary education term in Canada is 11, 12 or 13 years depending on the province.
From here students can go on to universities and colleges, or in Quebec they can continue at Collège d’enseignement general et professionnel (CEGEP) which means the College of General and Vocational Education. All universities in Canada are owned by the government and the courses are offered ranging from Undergraduate to Doctorate and usually begin in September.
The most popular options in Canada are college and technical institute, because they offer a professional program one for (1) to three (3) years including internship. They also offer courses University Transfer Program (UTP), which provide opportunities for students to obtain a graduate degree program (Bachelor Degree) at the university. Transfer credit value of two (2) years at a college or university college will be a provision for that student.
Costs for college and technical institute ranges between CAD 10,000 – CAD 20,000.
Universities in Canada are known internationally for the quality of teaching and research. Undergraduate and Graduate degree from a university in Canada is considered on par with other universities in the United States and other Commonwealth countries. Universities in Canada are largely funded by the government. Hence, universities in Canada consistently have high quality.
The number of full-time students at the university ranges from between 1,000-35,000 students. In addition, most universities have a large number of part time students or continuing education students. Bachelor Degree in Canada takes duration of four (4) years. Just like America, Canada also recognizes a pathway system through the College, where students can start their studies for one (1) to two (2) years in college first and then transfer to a university.
The study duration for Graduate courses (Master Degree) is two (2) years and for PhD is between three (3) to four (4) years. The university also offers certificate and degree for professionals.
Fees for universities vary depending on the province, institution and program of study, typically ranging CAD 9,000 – CAD 26,000 per year.
The study period usually lasts from September to May. Some universities use a semester or trimester system, with all courses available even during the summer. Generally there is no admission test in Canada. Each university sets its own entry standards and qualifications of each individual application.